增加7个!美公布全新248个致癌物清单

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增加7个!美公布全新248个致癌物清单 。
印度的natco马法兰盘Melphalan摘 要:。增加7个!美公布全新248个致癌物清单英国环境卫生及公众服务中心公布的248种致癌物清单。增加7种致癌物质。【微信号码:yaodaoyaofang】:仁小涛来源于:综合性自生物探索、NTP官方网站日前,英国环境卫生及公众服务中心(Department of Health and Human Services)公布了第14版致癌物质汇报(14th Report on Carcinogens),列入了7种新的化学物质。本次升级后,一共有248种化学物质被列入致癌物质。新提升的7种化学物质分别是:三氯乙烯(trichloroethylene)、钴和钴化学物质及其与人们癌症有关的5种病毒感染。这5种病毒感染详尽为:人们免疫缺陷病毒-1型(HIV-1)人们嗜T体细胞病毒感染-1型(human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1,HTLV-1)Epstein-Barr病毒(EBV)Kaposi肉疙瘩有关疱疹病毒感染(KSHV)Merkel体细胞多瘤病毒(MCV)值得一提的是:在世卫组织(WHO)属下组织——国际性癌症科学研究组织(IARC)的致癌物质等级分类中,EB病毒;幽门螺旋杆菌(Hp);乙型肝炎、丙肝病毒感染(HBV、HCV)、HIV、HTLV-1、卡波济氏肉疙瘩疱疹病毒感染;人人乳头病毒(HPV增加7个!美公布全新248个致癌物清单)都已经是I级致癌物质(不管在临床实验或对人们均有充足的致癌物质直接证据)。与超出20种差异种类的癌症相关整体而言,这五种病毒感染与超出20种差异种类的癌症相关。HIV-1:HIV病毒入侵的是人体免疫系统软件,会致使HIV。人体免疫系统减弱被以为会提升人们患多种多样癌症的风险,包含非霍奇金和霍奇金淋巴肿瘤、肛门口与生殖器官癌症、Kaposi肉疙瘩、肝癌等。HTLV-1:人们临床流行病学分析和分子结构研究表明,HTLV-1会致使成年人T体细胞败血症-淋巴肿瘤(adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma)。EBV:EVB是一种疱疹病毒感染,关键根据唾液传播。实际上,这也是一种常见病毒,感柒着全世界超出90%的成人。大部分的人感柒EBV会保持健康,沒有症状。在某种情形下,EBV会造成 散播传染性的单核细胞增加症。研究表明,EBV会造成 4类型其他淋巴肿瘤和2类型其他上皮癌。KSHV:KSHV主要是根据唾液传播,也可以根据性行为、血液传播和母婴传播。研究表明,KSHV与多种多样癌症有关,包含Kaposi肉疙瘩和2种少见的淋巴肿瘤。MCV:MCV是出现于肌肤上的常见病毒,非常少造成症状或造成 癌症。研究表明,这一病毒感染会造成 Merkel细胞癌。由于全世界约有12%的人们癌症很有可能归功于病毒感染,而且目前都还没可用以之上5种病原体的预苗,因而,降低传染的事先预防对策至关重要。这一最新版本的汇报评定出了各种不同种类的环境因素(通称为“化学物质”),包含化工品、散播传染性病原菌(如病毒感染)、物理学因素(如X-放射线和紫外线辐射)、化合物混合物质(mixtures of chemicals)等。必须特别注意的是,列入汇报的这种化学物质预兆着癌症风险,但实际上并不代表着一个化学物质或是一种病毒感染便会造成 癌症。很多因素危害着一个人是不是会得癌症,包含个人对有机物的敏感度、触碰的数目和延迟时间等。附:248个致癌物质详细明细(来源于:英国环境卫生及公共文化服务第14版致癌物质汇报)(汉语翻译仅供参考,普遍化学物质已标红)Acetaldehyde 溴化氢2-Acetylaminofluorene 2-乙酰氨基芴Acrylamide 正丁酸Acrylonitrile 丙烯腈Adriamycin 阿霉素Aflatoxins 黄曲霉菌Alcoholic Beverage Consumption 酒精饮料2-Aminoanthraquinone 羟基萘醌o-Aminoazotoluene 邻羟基甲酰胺二甲苯4-Aminobiphenyl 4-羟基联苯1-Amino-2,4-dibromoanthraquinone 1-羟基-2,4-二溴萘醌 1-Amino-2-methylanthraquinone(1-羟基-2-羟基萘醌Amitrole(羟基三唑)·o-Anisidine and Its Hydrochloride(邻叔丁基苯甲醛以及盐酸盐)Aristolochic Acids(马兜铃酸)Arsenic and Inorganic Arsenic Compounds(砷和无机物砷化学物质)Asbestos(石绵)Azacitidine(阿扎胞苷)Azathioprine(硫唑嘌呤,一种自身免疫病药)Basic Red 9 Monohydrochloride(偏碱红9盐酸盐)Benzene(苯)Benzidine and Dyes Metabolized to Benzidine(联苯胺和根据联苯胺的染剂)Benzidine(联苯胺)Dyes Metabolized to Benzidine (Benzidine Dye Class)Benzotrichloride(三氯甲苯)Beryllium and Beryllium Compounds(铍及其铍化学物质)2,2-Bis(bromomethyl)-1,3-propanediol (Technical Grade)2,2-二(溴羟基)-1,3-丙二醇(工业生产级)Bis(chloromethyl) Ether and Technical-Grade Chloromethyl Methyl EtherBromodichloromethane(一溴二氯甲烷)1-Bromopropane 1-溴丙烷1,3-Butadiene 3-丁二烯1,4-Butanediol DimethanesulfonateButylated Hydroxyanisole(叔丁基甲基小茴香醚)Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds(隔和隔化学物质)Captafol(化肥 敌菌丹)Carbon Tetrachloride(四氯化碳)Ceramic Fibers (Respirable Size)硅酸铝纤维Chlorambucil苯丁酸氮芥,瘤可宁Chloramphenicol 氯霉素Chlorendic Acid 氯菌酸Chlorinated Paraffins (C12, 60% Chlorine)氯化石蜡52(C12、60%氯)Chloroform 乙醚3-Chloro-2-methylpropene 甲代烯丙基氯4-Chloro-o-phenylenediamineChloroprene 氯丁二烯p-Chloro-o-toluidine and Its HydrochlorideChromium Hexavalent CompoundsCisplatin 顺铂Coal Tars and Coal-Tar Pitches中温煤焦油和煤焦沥青Cobalt Cobalt and Cobalt Compounds that Release Cobalt In Vivo(钴和钴化学物质)Cobalt-Tungsten Carbide: Powders and Hard MetalsCoke-Oven Emissions 焦炉自由散发物p-Cresidine 2-叔丁基-5-甲基苯胺Cumene 异丙基苯Cupferron 铁和钢实验试剂Cyclophosphamide 环磷酰胺Cyclosporin A 环孢菌素Dacarbazine 达卡巴嗪Danthron 1,8-二甲基萘醌2,4-Diaminoanisole Sulfate2,4-DiaminotolueneDiazoaminobenzene 二氯甲烷1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane1,2-Dibromoethane2,3-Dibromo-1-propanol1,4-Dichlorobenzene3,3\'-Dichlorobenzidine and Its DihydrochlorideDichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane1,2-DichloroethaneDichloromethane1,3-Dichloropropene (Technical Grade)DiepoxybutaneDiesel Exhaust ParticulatesDi(2-ethylhexyl) PhthalateDiethylstilbestrol 己烯雌酚Diethyl SulfateDiglycidyl Resorcinol Ether3,3\'-Dimethoxybenzidine and Dyes Metabolized to 3,3\'-Dimethoxybenzidine3,3\'-DimethoxybenzidineDyes Metabolized to 3,3\'-Dimethoxybenzidine (3,3\'-Dimethoxybenzidine Dye Class)4-Dimethylaminoazobenzene3,3\'-Dimethylbenzidine and Dyes Metabolized to 3,3\'-Dimethylbenzidine3,3\'-DimethylbenzidineDyes Metabolized to 3,3\'-Dimethylbenzidine (3,3\'-Dimethylbenzidine Dye Class)Dimethylcarbamoyl Chloride1,1-DimethylhydrazineDimethyl Sulfate 硫酸二甲酯Dimethylvinyl Chloride1,4-DioxaneDisperse BlueEpichlorohydrin 表氯醇,用以硫化橡胶生产制造Erionite 毛活性碳Estrogens, Steroidal 己烯雌酚Ethylene Oxide 环氧乙烷Ethylene Thiourea 丁二烯硫脲Ethyl Methanesu增加7个!美公布全新248个致癌物清单lfonate 甲基磺酸乙酯Formaldehyde 室内甲醛Furan 咪唑Certain Glass Wool Fibers (Inhalable)Glycidol 缩水甘油Heterocyclic Amines (Selected)杂环化合物酮类化学物质2-Amino-3,4-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline2-Amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline2-Amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridineHexachlorobenzeneHexachloroethaneHexamethylphosphoramideHydrazine and Hydrazine SulfateHydrazobenzeneIonizing Radiation 电磁波辐射X-Radiation and Gamma Radiation X、γ辐射源Neutrons Radon 氡Thorium DioxideIron Dextran ComplexIsoprene 异戊二烯Kepone 开篷,一种灭虫剂Lead and Lead Compounds 铅和铅化学物质Lindane, Hexachlorocyclohexane (Technical Grade), and Other Hexachlorocyclohexane IsomersMelphalan 美法仑Methoxsalen with Ultraviolet A Therapy2-Methylaziridine4,4\'-Methylenebis(2-chloroaniline)4,4\'-Methylenebis(N,N-dimethyl)benzenamine4,4\'-Methylenedianiline and Its DihydrochlorideMethyleugenolMethyl MethanesulfonateMetronidazole 奥硝挫Michlers KetoneMineral Oils: Untreated and Mildly Treated 矿物质机油Mirex 灭蚁灵Mustard Gas 芥子毒气Naphthalene2-NaphthylamineNickel Compounds and Metallic NickelNickel CompoundsMetallic NickelNitrilotriacetic Acido-NitroanisoleNitroarenes (Selected)1,6-Dinitropyrene1,8-Dinitropyrene6-Nitrochrysene1-Nitropyrene4-NitropyreneNitrobenzeneNitrofenNitrogen Mustard HydrochlorideNitromethane2-NitropropaneN-Nitrosamines: 15 ListingsN-Methyl-N\'-Nitro-N-NitrosoguanidineN-Nitrosodi-n-butylamineN-NitrosodiethanolamineN-NitrosodiethylamineN-NitrosodimethylamineN-Nitrosodi-n-propylamineN-Nitroso-N-ethylurea4-(N-Nitrosomethylamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanoneN-Nitroso-N-methylureaN-NitrosomethylvinylamineN-NitrosomorpholineN-NitrosonornicotineN-NitrosopiperidineN-NitrosopyrrolidineN-NitrososarcosineNitrosourea Chemotherapeutic AgentsBis(chloroethyl) Nitrosourea1-(2-Chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea1-(2-Chloroethyl)-3-(4-methylcyclohexyl)-1-nitrosoureaChlorozotocinStreptozotocino-NitrotolueneNorethisteroneOchratoxin A4,4\'-OxydianilineOxymetholonePentachlorophenol and By-products of Its SynthesisPhenacetin and Analgesic Mixtures Containing PhenacetinPhenacetinAnalgesic Mixtures Containing PhenacetinPhenazopyridine HydrochloridePhenolphthaleinPhenoxybenzamine HydrochloridePhenytoin and Phenytoin SodiumPolybrominated BiphenylsPolychlorinated BiphenylsPolycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: 15 ListingsBenz[a]anthraceneBenzo[b]fluorantheneBenzo[j]fluorantheneBenzo[k]fluorantheneBenzo[a]pyreneDibenz[a,h]acridineDibenz[a,j]acridineDibenz[a,h]anthracene7H-Dibenzo[c,g]carbazoleDibenzo[a,e]pyreneDibenzo[a,h]pyreneDibenzo[a,i]pyreneDibenzo[a,l]pyreneIndeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene5-MethylchryseneProcarbazine and Its HydrochlorideProgesterone1,3-Propane Sultoneβ-PropiolactonePropylene OxidePropylthiouracilReserpineRiddelliineSafroleSelenium SulfideSilica, Crystalline (Respirable Size)Soots 香灰Strong Inorganic Acid Mists Containing Sulfuric AcidStyreneStyrene-7,8-oxideSulfallateTamoxifen 他莫昔芬2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxinTetrachloroethyleneTetrafluoroetTetranitromethaneThioacetamide4,4\'-ThiodianilineThiotepaThioureaTobacco-Related Exposures 香烟曝露Tobacco SmokingEnvironmental Tobacco SmokeSmokeless TobaccoToluene Diisocyanateso-ToluidineToxapheneTrichloroethylene2,4,6-Trichlorophenol1,2,3-TrichloropropaneTris(2,3-dibromopropyl) PhosphateUltraviolet-Radiation-Related Exposures(紫外光曝露)Solar RadiationExposure to Sunlamps or SunbedsBroad-Spectrum UVRUVAUVBUVCUrethaneViruses: Eight Listings(8种病毒感染)Epstein-Barr Virus(EBV)Hepatitis B Virus(B型乙肝病毒)Hepatitis C Virus(C型乙肝病毒)Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1(人们免疫缺陷病毒-1型,HIV-1)Human Papillomaviruses: Some Genital-Mucosal TypesHuman T-cell Lymphotropic Virus Type 1(人们嗜T体细胞病毒感染-1型,HTLV-1)Kaposi Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus(Kaposi肉疙瘩有关疱疹病毒感染,KSHV)Merkel Cell Polyomavirus(Merkel体细胞多瘤病毒,MCV)4-Vinyl-1-cyclohexene DiepoxideVinyl Halides (Selected)Vinyl Bromide(溴丁二烯)Vinyl Chloride(苯乙烯)Vinyl Fluoride(氟丁二烯)Wood Dust综合性【微&信:yaodaoyaofang】自生物探索、National Toxicology Program官方网站(http://www.niehs.nih.gov/index.cfm)

文章投稿请发送邮件至yangxinyuan@yxj.org.cn文章投稿类型:脑外科诊治经验,专业知识汇总,医科学研究科谱,从医感受等。【微&信:yaodaoyaofang】【微信号码:yaodaoyaofang】:y646887231

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